Diabetes mellitus : 2017 to 2045

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (DM):  Metabolic disorder in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar).

Type-1 Diabetes (T1DM): The body does not produce insulin. Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes.

Type-2 Diabetes (T2DM): The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).

Global Scenario of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus:

  • In 2017 International diabetes Federation (IDF) published 8th edition of IDF diabetes atlas.
  • IDF estimated that 425 million people have diabetes mellitus globally, aged 20 to 79 years old. (1)
  • Type 2 Dibetes Mellitus cases are almost 90% of total diabetes cases. (2,3)
  • This estimate project that the cases affected will rise to 629 million by 2045 and most of the population will be from developing countries like India.(1)

Indian scenario of type 2 Diabetes mellitus :

IDF Diabetes Atlas - 8th Edition
  • A  National study found that there are 62 million individuals suffering from T2DM and about 77 million integers are in prediabetic condition.(4)
  • According to IDF estimates, India will have 151.4 million cases of diabetes mellitus in 2045.

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus:

diabetes mellitus processed food
processed food
  • There are multiple causes for rising diabetes Mellitus like economic development, age, industrialization, unhealthy eating and work habits, sitting at one place for long period.
  • The main cause of T2DM are obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, processed food, genetic makeup and environment, also contribute to rise in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus cases.(5)

Preventive measures of Diabetes Mellitus:

  • T2DM can be reduced by exercising for at least 30 minute and maintaining appropriate body weight, having a nutritional food, avoiding smoking and moderate consumption of alcohol. (6,7)
  • The risk of complications can be minimized by getting diagnosed and treated.
  • To prevent T2DM modifications in diet and lifestyle is important.
  • Previous clinical trials have suggested that major healthy changes in Lifestyle can lower the risk incidence of T2DM by 58% compared to normal population. (8)
  • Effective Lifestyle based studies suggest that some important changes which can prevent T2DM such as increased physical activity, healthy nutritional diet, and moderate consumption of alcohol that is 1-2 drink per day showed reduce risk of T2DM. (9)
Diabetes mellitus in 2018
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Diabetes mellitus in 2018
Diabetes: Basic Understandings, Current Scenario and Preventive Measures
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17 thoughts on “Diabetes mellitus : 2017 to 2045”

  1. Very informative . Todays hush hush life can lead you suffer from serious diseases like diabetes. Hence, eat healthy, appropriate sleep and stay fit.

  2. अभ्यासपूर्ण माहिती.अनेकांना या माहितीचा उपयोग होईल

  3. Very useful information explained in simple words with good pictures and graph .👍👍👍👌👌People are eagerly waiting for next information on diabetes.

  4. Pingback: PCOS and Diabetes: Food is your Medicine I Outside The Spectra

  5. Pingback: Diabetic Diet Plan To Lose Weight | OutsideTheSpectra |

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